Gender-Specific Religious Moral Dilemmas in Iranian Schools

Nasibeh Hedayati, Elina Kuusisto, Khalil Gholami, Kirsi Tirri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter studies how in Iranian schools the power of resistance is evident in female students’ moral dilemmas. The Islamic Revolution of Iran was a turning point in Iranian educational system in which the role of religion and the desire for Islamization of all aspects of the society was emphasized. The data was gathered from one girl and one boy school in Tehran in 2016, and it includes lower secondary school students’ essays (Female n=175, Male n=165) about moral dilemmas. The study reveals the impact of Islamic values in school life and that the power of resistance is weak since students cannot criticize Islamic values. However, female students’ moral dilemmas indicate aspects of resistance in terms of questioning the schools rules that are based on these religious values and principles. This chapter examines female cases in detail to discuss how issues related to gender and religion are interconnected in Iranian schools.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Power of Resistance
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)978-1-78350-462-6, 978-1-78350-461-9
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameAdvances in Education in Diverse Communities


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