Gay Clowns, Pigs and Traitors: An Emotion Analysis of Online Hate Speech Directed at the Swedish-Speaking Population in Finland

Karin Sandell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The article deals with the emotion analysis of online hate speech,studying the way that emotions are performed in online hate speech directed atthe Swedish-speaking population in Finland. The material originates from thepublic debate forum Suomi24. In analysing the forum posts, I intend to show howhatemongers use emotional words, emotive expressions and metaphors referringto the Finnish national awakening and how this is connected to the populistdiscourse of today. As a result, three categories of hate speech emerge from thematerial: suspicion, demasculinization, and dehumanization.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)25–50
JournalFolklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • hate speech

Cite this