Future potential for biomass use in blast furnace ironmaking

Jarmo Söderman*, Henrik Saxén, Frank Pettersson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Iron- and steelmaking is an energy intensive industrial sector using mainly coal as the heat source and reduction agent. The industry gives rise to about 7 % of the anthropogenic CO2 emissions in the world. In the absence of economically feasible and efficient methods of capturing and storing such enormous quantities of CO2, means for suppressing the emissions must be explored. The work reported in this paper studies the potential of injecting biomass to partially replace fossil reductants in the blast furnace process. The ironmaking blast furnace process is described mathematically by a thermodynamic simulation model, including realistic operational constraints. The model has been applied extensively to evaluate the use of biomass (e.g., wood chips) as auxiliary reductant, creating a simplified linear model on the basis of the results. The model is used to throw light on the feasibility of biomass injection under future price scenarios. Even though the coke replacement ratio of biomass is low, in the order of 25 %, it is demonstrated that the use of biomass as reductant can be a feasible alternative under future price scenarios of coke and emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication19th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
EditorsJacek Jezowski, Jan Thullie
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2009
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication

Publication series

NameComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
ISSN (Print)1570-7946


  • biomass
  • Blast furnace
  • optimization


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