Fluorination of pyrene-based organic semiconductors enhances the performance of light emitting diodes and halide perovskite solar cells

Jagadish Salunke, Amandeep Singh, He Dongxu, Hong Duc Pham, Yang Bai, Lianzhou Wang, Staffan Dahlström, Mathias Nyman, Sergei Manzhos, Krishna Feron, Ronald Österbacka, Arri Priimagi, Paola Vivo, Prashant Sonar

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2 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, a fluorinated pyrene-based organic semiconductor (L-F) has been designed and synthesized starting from a low-cost pyrene core functionalized with triphenilamine substituents at 1,3,6,8 positions (L-H), obtained via Suzuki coupling reactions. Its performance when used as green emitter in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) or as dopant-free hole-transporting material (HTM) in halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is higher than that of the L-H counterpart, in spite of its lower bulk hole-mobility (7.0 × 10−6 cm2/V) to L-H (1.9 × 10−4 cm2/V). In fact, the OLED devices based on a L-F active layer showed excellent green emission (brightness and current efficiency were 1759.8 cd/m2 and 3.7 cd/A, respectively) at a 4.5 V turn-on voltage. When the molecules were employed as a dopant-free HTM in PSCs, L-F led to a power conversion efficiency (PCE) and open circuit voltage (Voc) of 5.9% and 1.07 V, respectively, thus outperforming those of corresponding devices based on L-H (PCE = 5.0% and Voc = 0.87 V) under similar experimental conditions (AM 1.5G and 100 mW cm2). We attribute the enhancements of L-F-based optoelectronic devices (OLEDs and PSCs) to the observed better quality of the L-F films. The promising performance of L-F indicates that fluorination of small molecules can be an effective strategy to achieve low-cost and high-performing materials for energy harvesting and display-based organic electronic devices.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)
JournalOrganic Electronics
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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