First, second and nth order autocatalytic kinetics in continuous and discontinuous reactors

Vincezo Russo, Tapio Salmi, Frank Mammitzsch, Olatunde Jogunola, Rüdiger Lange, Johan Wärnå, Jyri-Pekka Mikkola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Autocatalytic phenomena in chemical kinetics originate from various reasons, such as acid-catalytic effects of reaction products or change of the physical properties of the reaction mixture. The impact of autocatalytic kinetics on the chemical reactor design is crucially important leading to deviations from standard design rules. The impact of autocatalytic effects on first, second and nth order kinetics was investigated for batch, plug flow, backmixed, axial dispersion and recycled plug flow reactors was analyzed by classical approach and numerical simulations. Efficient numerical strategies were developed for the different reactor models. The results showed how an optimal degree of backmixing (Péclet number) and optimal recycle ratio can be determined for tubular reactors and how the reactor volume can be minimized for specific cases. Generic examples as well as hydrolysis of alkyl formate were considered as case studies.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)453–462
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Axial dispersion
  • Recycle
  • Batch reactor
  • Optimization
  • Autocatalysis
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Plug flow

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