In humans, an ~200-residue ‘‘inserted’’ I domain, a von Willebrand factor A domain (vWFA), buds out from the b-propeller domain in 9 of 18 integrin a subunits. The vWFA domain is not unique to the a subunit as it is an integral part of all integrin b subunits and many other proteins. The bI domain has always been a component of integrins but the aI domain makes its appearance relatively late, in early chordates, since it is found in tunicates and later diverging species. The tunicate aI domains are distinct from the human collagen and leukocyte recognizing integrin a subunits, but fragments of integrins from agnathastomes suggest that the human-type aI domains arose in an ancestor of the very first vertebrate species. The rise of integrins with aI domains parallels the enormous changes in body plan and systemic development of the chordate line that began some 550 million or more years ago.
|Title of host publication||I Domain Integrins|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|MoE publication type||A3 Part of a book or another research book|
- alpha 2 beta 1 integrin, alpha I domain