[Ethyl-3H]RS-79948-197 alpha2-adrenoceptor autoradiography validation in alpha2-adrenoceptor knockout mice

Veronica Fagerholm, Melanie Philipp, Lutz Hein, Mika Scheinin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


[Ethyl-(3)H][8aR,12aS,13aS]-5,8,8a,9,10,11,12,12a,13,13a-decahydro-3-methoxy-12-(ethylsulfonyl)-6H-isoquino[2,1-g][1,6]naphthyridine ([ethyl-(3)H]RS-79948-197) was evaluated for alpha(2)-adrenoceptor autoradiography in brain sections from wild-type mice and alpha(2A)- and alpha(2ABC)-adrenoceptor knockout mice. Receptor numbers were 83% lower in cortex and 28% lower in caudate putamen of alpha(2A)-knockout mice than in wild-type mice. No specific binding was seen in alpha(2ABC)-knockout mice. [Ethyl-(3)H]RS-79948-197 saturation binding parameters were compared to those of [(3)H]2-(2,3-dihydro-2-methoxy-1,4-benzodioxan-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazoline ([(3)H]RX821002) and [methyl-(3)H]17alpha-hydroxy-20alpha-yohimban-16beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester ([methyl-(3)H]rauwolscine). [Ethyl-(3)H-]RS-79948-197 detected a larger number of both alpha(2A)- and alpha(2B/C)-adrenoceptors than [(3)H]RX821002, while [methyl-(3)H]rauwolscine only underestimated the number of alpha(2A)-adrenoceptors. Oxymetazoline and prazosin competed for [ethyl-(3)H]RS-79948-197 binding with the expected rank order of affinities. Higher than necessary [ethyl-(3)H]RS-79948-197 concentrations resulted in a rapid increase in non-specific binding. Slow dissociation kinetics, high specific radioactivity and high alpha(2)-adrenoceptor affinity (slightly lower for the alpha(2A)-adrenoceptor than for the other subtypes) confer [ethyl-(3)H]RS-79948-197 distinct advantages compared to [(3)H]RX821002 for detection of alpha(2)-adrenoceptor subtypes in a mixed alpha(2)-adrenoceptor population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-9
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Adrenergic alpha-Agonists/pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Binding Sites
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Cerebral Cortex/metabolism
  • Idazoxan/analogs & derivatives
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Isoquinolines/pharmacology
  • Ligands
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Naphthyridines/pharmacology
  • Oxymetazoline/pharmacology
  • Phentolamine/pharmacology
  • Prazosin/pharmacology
  • Putamen/metabolism
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2/genetics
  • Tritium
  • Yohimbine/pharmacology


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