Energy consumption analysis for two embedded Java virtual machines

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    11 Citations (Scopus)


    In this paper we present a general framework for estimating the energy consumption of an embedded Java virtual machine (JVM). We have designed a number of experiments to find the constant overhead and establish an energy consumption cost for individual Java opcodes for two JVMs. The results show that there is a basic constant overhead for every Java program, and that a subset of Java opcodes have an almost constant energy cost. We also show that memory access is a crucial energy consumption component. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)328–337
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Systems Architecture
    Issue number5-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • embedded Java virtual machine
    • energy consumption
    • Java opcode

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