Electrochemically controlled transport of anions across polypyrrole-based membranes

Jesus Arroyo, Marceline Akieh-Pirkanniemi, Grzegorz Lisak, Rose-Marie Latonen, Johan Bobacka

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Electrosynthesized polypyrrole (PPy) films on PVDF/Pt support membranes were used to study electrochemically controlled transport ofmonovalent and divalentanions across the PPy-based membranes. ThePVDF/ Pt/PPy membrane separated two compartments in a transport cell and served simultaneously as the working electrode allowing electrochemical switching of PPy between its oxidized and reduced forms during the transport experiments. PPy was electrosynthesized in presence of p-toluene sulfonate, camphorsulfonate and hexafluorofosfate (doping ions) and the ion transport properties of the resulting PPy-based membranes were investigated. The morphology and elemental composition of PPy before and after the anion transport studies were studied by SEM and EDXA. The anion fluxes obtained during transport of a mixture of Cl−, NO 3 −, SO 4 2− and HAsO42− across the PPy-based membranes were found to decrease in the following order: NO3− > Cl −»SO42− > HAsO42−. PPy films with the same composition as for the transport studies were also electrodeposited on glassy carbon electrodes (GC/PPy) and studied by potentiometry. The potentiometric selectivity of the GC/PPy electrodes towards Cl−, NO 3 − and SO42− was found to correlate with the ion transport characteristics of the corresponding PPy membranes used in the transport cell. The PPy-based membranes allowed separation of monovalent from divalent anions.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)50–57
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • electrically controlled ion transport
  • Anion transport
  • Anion separation
  • Membranes
  • ion selectivity
  • Polypyrrole

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