Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical study of polyazulene/BBL-PEO donor–acceptor composite layers

Rose-Marie Latonen, Anna Österholm, Carita Kvarnström, Ari Ivaska

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    Donor−acceptor composite layers made of the electrically conducting polymers p-type polyazulene (PAz) and n-type polybenzimidazobenzophenanthroline-poly(ethyleneoxide) (BBL-PEO) were studied. The water dispersible BBLPEO was solution-cast on PAz electropolymerized on Pt or ITO glass electrodes or on the bare electrode surfaces. The doping behavior within both the n- and p-doping potential regions was studied by cyclic voltammetry and in situ spectroelectrochemical techniques: UV−visible and FTIR-ATR spectroscopy. All of the results showed contributions from both polymers in the composites, besides the spectral behaviors in the n-doping potential region were mainly controlled by BBL-PEO and in the p-doping region by PAz. Rather stable donor composites with the formation of charge carriers in both n- and p-doping regions were formed. In the BBL-PEO/PAz composite PAz was found to have a higher promoting effect on the formation of charge carriers than in the PAz/BBL-PEO composite. The composites stayed conducting within a broad negative potential region while some charges appeared to be trapped in the layers after the negative potential scan.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)23793–23802
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
    Issue number44
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • polyazulene
    • BBL-PEO
    • spectroelectrochemistry
    • donor-acceptor
    • composite

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