Dimerization of Hexadecene with Acid Mesoporous Silica-Alumina Catalysts

Narendra Kumar, Marina Lindblad, Jaana Makkonen, Väinö Sippola, Heidi Österholm, Marja Tiitta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Catalytic dimerization of 1-hexadecene is shown to be a promising path to make high quality base oil. The base oil is produced by hexadecene dimerization with acid mesoporous silica-alumina catalyst, followed by distillation and hydrogenation. The base oil stock had a high viscosity index (typically 140–150) and a low volatility (Noack typically less than 8 %). The best performance in hexadecene dimerization was achieved with the MCM-22 zeolite embedded MCM-41 catalyst within the silica-alumina catalysts compared. Commercial mesoporous silica-alumina catalysts behaved similarly to a non-commercial MCM-41 catalyst. Y-zeolite and ion exchange resin Amberlyst-35 deactivated fast.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)974-980
Number of pages7
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Base oil
  • Catalyst
  • Dimerization
  • Mesoporous
  • Silica-alumina


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