Development of nano-porous hydroxyapatite coated e-glass for potential bone-tissue engineering application: An in vitro approach

Arnab Mahato, Zhang Sandy, Sandip Bysakh, Leena Hupa, Indranee Das, Promita Bhattacharjee, Biswanath Kundu*, De Goutam, Samit K. Nandi, Pekka Vallittu, Vamsi K. Balla, Manjima Bhattacharya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To reconstruct the defects caused by craniectomies autologous, bone grafting was usually used, but they failed most commonly due to bone resorption, infections and donor-site morbidity. In the present investigation, an effort has been made for the first time to check the feasibility and advantage of using hydroxyapatite (HAp) coated e-glass as component of bone implants. Sol-gel synthesized coatings were found to be purely hydroxyapatite from XRD with graded and interconnected pores all over the surface observable in TEM. The interconnected porous nature of ceramics are found to increase bioactivity by acting to up-regulate the process of osseointegration through enhanced nutrient transfer and induction of angiogenesis. From TEM studies and nano indentation studies, we have shown that pores were considered to be appropriate for nutrient supply without compromising the strength of sample while in contact with physiological fluid. After SBF immersion test, porous surface was found to be useful for nucleation of apatite crystals, hence increasing the feasibility and bioactivity of sample. However, our quasi-dynamic study showed less crystallization but had significant formation of apatite layer. Overall, the in vitro analyses show that HAp coated e-glass leads to significant improvement of implant properties in terms of biocompatibility, cell viability and proliferation, osteoinductivity and osteoconductivity. HAp coating of e-glass can potentially be utilized in fabricating durable and strong bioactive non-metallic implants and tissue engineering scaffolds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110764
Pages (from-to)
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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