Development of an ash particle deposition model considering build-up and removal mechanisms

K Strandstrom, C Mueller, Mikko Hupa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    44 Citations (Scopus)


    Slagging and fouling on heat exchanger surfaces in power boilers fired with fossil fuels and fuel mixtures has a significant influence on boiler efficiency and availability. Mathematical modelling is since long considered a suitable method to assist boiler operators to determine optimized operating conditions for an existing furnace. The ultimate goal in ash deposition prediction is hereby the determination of the total amount of material deposited and hence the determination of the total reduction in efficiency. Depending on the fuels fired the total deposited mass is a combination of ash particle deposition and ash particle erosion due to non-sticky particles. The novel ash particle deposition model presented in this work considers deposition of sticky ash particles, cleansing of deposit by non-sticky sand particles and sticking of sand due to contact with sticky ash. The steady-state modelling results for the total amount of ash deposited on the deposition probe of an entrained flow reactor presented in this work agree well with the experimental data. Only at very high fractions of sand added as non-sticky material, a significant influence of the sand on the overall mass deposited was found. Since the model considers sticking of non-sticking sand due to contact with sticky ash, the fraction of sand deposited on the probe was especially studied. Using a correction factor to consider the influence of operating time on the steady-state simulations led to good agreement between simulations and experimental data.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1053–1060
    Number of pages8
    JournalFuel Processing Technology
    Issue number11-12
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • ash deposition
    • CFD
    • deposit build-up rate
    • deposit removal
    • erosion

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