Detection experiments with humans implicate visual predation as a driver of colour polymorphism dynamics in pygmy grasshoppers

E Karpestam, Sami Merilaita, A Forsman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    45 Citations (Scopus)


    Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that crypsis is background-dependent, and implicate visual predation as an important driver of evolutionary modifications of colour polymorphism in pygmy grasshoppers. Our study provides the clearest evidence to date that using humans as 'predators' in detection experiments may provide reliable information on the protective values of prey colour patterns and of natural selection and microevolution of camouflage in the wild.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1–12
    Number of pages12
    JournalBMC Ecology
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Biodiversity
    • Camouflage
    • Colour polymorphism
    • Crypsis
    • Evolution
    • Predation
    • Tetrix subulata

    Cite this