Cultural Autonomy of National Minorities in Estonia: The Erosion of a Promise

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)
    5 Downloads (Pure)


    After a debate lasting several years, Estonia enacted a law of non-territorial cultural autonomy for national minorities in 1993, echoing experiences from the country’s previous period of independence. In international discussion, the law was initially cited as a promising way of dealing with minority issues in Central and Eastern Europe. With time, however, its applicability in contemporary Estonia has been questioned; in practice, the law has failed to be implemented. This paper inspects possible reasons for its disuse, and argues that the law could still play a role in Estonia’s minority policies, especially with regard to education. The paper is based on an analysis of legislation, parliamentary records and media.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)457–475
    JournalJournal of Baltic Studies
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • cultural autonomy
    • Estonia
    • Russian speakers
    • minorities

    Cite this