Coordinating, communicating, and combining languages in local immersion education policy reform in Finland

Mari Bergroth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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The aim of this article is to examine local enactment of new curriculum policy,
paying special attention to combining the language of instruction in the school (Finnish) and the immersion language (Swedish) in an early total one-way Swedish immersion programme in Finland at a programmatic level. The study combines ethnography with educational language policy by focusing on coordinative and communicative discourses surrounding local immersion curriculum. The participatory observation data consist of 36 hours of audio-recorded curriculum working group meetings with immersion teachers and researchers. The findings showed that the curriculum task assigned to municipalities providing immersion education was extensive. They also revealed how discursively oriented policy research on immersion education opens up new ways to develop immersion education. The actual curriculum decisions implied that the Swedish portion of the immersion programme is multilingual and rich in connections between multiple languages, contesting the common belief of monolingual practices in immersion instruction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Immersion and Content-Based Language Education
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Curriculum reform
  • Discourse
  • Discursive Institutionalism
  • Language awareness
  • Language Immersion
  • Language Policy
  • Local Curriculum


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