Chemical composition and extraction kinetics of Holm oak (Quercus ilex) hemicelluloses using subcritical water

Florencia M. Yedro, Henrik Grénman, Jussi Rissanen, Tapio Salmi, Juan García-Serna, María José Cocero

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    Abstract

    Holm oak (Quercus ilex) sapwood was submitted to a hydrothermal treatment and liquid fractions rich in hemicelluloses were obtained. The chemical composition as well as the molar mass were analysed during the experiments. The effect of temperature (130–170 °C) and reaction time (5–220 min) on the conversion and molar mass of the obtained hemicelluloses was investigated. The results were compared to previously published data obtained using Norway spruce. The results show that the extraction rate depends strongly on the wood species used. The maximum yield (approximately 60%) was obtained at 170 °C after 20 min. The molar mass of the hemicelluloses decreased during the extraction due to hydrolysis and the pH of the solution decreased as deacetylation occurred simultaneously. Temperature influenced significantly the hydrolysis rate of the macromolecules. Compared to Norway spruce (softwood), the average molar mass in Holm oak (hardwood) was lower under the same reaction conditions.

    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)56–62
    JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
    Volume129
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Chemical Engineering

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