Characterization of the sulfhydryl-sensitive site in the enzyme responsible for hydrolysis of 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol in rat cerebellar membranes

Saario, Outi Salo-Ahen, Nevalainen, Poso, Laitinen, Järvinen, Niemi

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    Abstract

    We have previously reported that the endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), is hydrolyzed in rat cerebellar membranes by monoglyceride lipase (MGL)-like enzymatic activity. The present study shows that, like MGL, 2-AG-degrading enzymatic activity is sensitive to inhibition by sulfhydryl-specific reagents. Inhibition studies of this enzymatic activity by N-ethylmaleimide analogs revealed that analogs with bulky hydrophobic N-substitution were more potent inhibitors than hydrophilic or less bulky agents. Interestingly, the substrate analog N-arachidonylmaleimide was found to be the most potent inhibitor. A comparison model of MGL was constructed to get a view on the cysteine residues located near the binding site. These findings support our previous conclusion that the 2-AG-degrading enzymatic activity in rat cerebellar membranes corresponds to MGL or MGL-like enzyme and should facilitate further efforts to develop potent and more selective MGL inhibitors.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)649–656
    JournalChemistry and Biology
    Volume12
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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