Characterization of flame coated nanoparticle surfaces with antibacterial properties and the heat-induced embedding in thermoplastic-coated paper

Kofi Brobbey, Janne Haapanen, Jyrki M. Mäkelä, Marianne Gunell, Erkki Eerola, Emil Rosqvist, Jouko Peltonen, Jarkko J. Saarinen, Martti Toivakka

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Silver nanoparticles deposited on surfaces can provide an antibacterial effect with potential uses in, for example, healthcare settings. However, release of nanoparticles and their potential exposure to the environment is of concern. The current work demonstrates a continuous synthesis that simultaneously deposits silver nanoparticles onto plastic coated paper surface by utilizing the liquid flame spray (LFS) aerosol process. Heat from LFS is used to soften the thermoplastic paper surface, which enables partial and full embedding of the nanoparticles, thereby improving adhesion. The embedding is confirmed with atomic force and scanning electron microscopy, and the deposited silver amounts are quantified with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results suggest that embedding was more effective in PE-coated paper samples due to the lower glass transition temperature when compared to PET-coated paper samples. The antibacterial properties of the surfaces against E. coli and S. aureus were maintained and confirmed with a previously developed ‘Touch-Test Method’. The LFS process has the potential to be used for large-scale manufacturing of antibacterial surfaces with improved nanoparticle adhesion on appropriately chosen thermoplastic surfaces.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)
JournalSN Applied Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Silver nanoparticles
  • atomic force microscopy (AFM)
  • antibacterial property
  • Liquid Flame Spray (LFS)

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