Cellular integrity plus: organelle-related and protein-targeting functions of intermediate filaments

Diana Toivola, GZ Tao, A Habtezion, J Liao, MB Omary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intermediate filament proteins (IFs) maintain cell and tissue integrity, based on evidence of their polymerization and mechanical properties, abundance and disease-associated phenotypes. This 'traditional' function is now augmented by organelle-related and protein-targeting roles. Mitochondrial location and function depend on intact IFs, as demonstrated for desmin, keratins and neurofilaments. Golgi positioning is regulated by several IFs, and endosomal/lysosomal protein distribution by vimentin. IFs dramatically affect nuclear function and shape and play a role in subcellular and membrane targeting of proteins. These functions have been noted in tissues but in some cases only in cell culture. The IF-related organelle-specific and protein-targeting roles, which are likely interrelated, provide functions beyond cell scaffolding and integrity and contribute to the cytoprotective and tissue-specific functions of IF proteins.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)608–617
Number of pages10
JournalTrends in Cell Biology
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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