Catalytic Transformation of Biomass-Derived 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural over Supported Bimetallic Iridium-Based Catalysts

Ricardo J. Chimentão, Héctor Oliva, Vincenzo Russo, Jordi Llorca, José L.G. Fierro, Päivi Mäki-Arvela, D. Yu Murzin, Doris Ruiz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is a biobased platform chemical that can be valorized into a spectrum of valuable products. In this report, supported Ir, Ir-Co, Ir-Ni, and Ir-Ru catalysts were investigated for this purpose. Only hydrogenation of HMF to 2,5-bis-(hydroxymethyl)furan (BHMF) occurred over all catalysts. The effect of the second metal (Co, Ni, and Ru) on Ir/SiO2 was reflected by the kinetic constants being in the order Ir-Ni/SiO2 > Ir-Co/SiO2 > Ir-Ru/SiO2. The oxophilic nature of the secondary metal improved the catalytic performance of the bimetallic catalysts compared to the monometallic iridium catalyst (Ir/SiO2). Addition of HCOOH and H2SO4 as cocatalysts is a strategy to reach one-pot conversion of HMF to 2,5-di-methylfuran (DMF). Over-hydrogenolysis products such as 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran were formed when only H2SO4 was added, giving higher activity compared to addition of HCOOH. Simultaneous presence of acids gave the highest HMF conversion, promoting esterification to 5-formyloxymethyl furfural and allowing the one-pot transformation of HMF to DMF. Thermodynamic analysis of HMF transformations revealed that both hydrogenation and dehydration steps are feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9657-9678
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number18
Early online date28 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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