Catalytic Hydrogenation/Hydrogenolysis of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-Dimethylfuran

Päivi Mäki-Arvela, Doris Ruiz, Dmitry Yu Murzin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Article or Literature Reviewpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
67 Downloads (Pure)


Recent developments in transformations of biobased 5-hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-dimethylfuran, a potential liquid fuel, are critically summarized. The highest yield of 2,5-dimethylfuran (more than 98 %) from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural are obtained over bimetallic Cu−Co supported on carbon at 180 °C under 5 bar hydrogen in 2-propanol and over Ni supported on mesoporous carbon at 200 °C under 30 bar hydrogen in water in a batch reactor. The desired catalyst should have relatively high metal dispersion and some acidity to facilitate both hydrogenation and hydrogenolysis. However, overhydrogenation and overhydrogenolysis forming 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran and methylfuran, respectively, should be suppressed. Furthermore, a hydrophobic support is more selective than oxide-based support. After a careful adjustment of the residence time in a continuous reactor it is also possible to produce high yields of 2,5-dimethylfuran even over Pt/C. The main challenges limiting the industrial feasibility of these reactions are relatively low initial reactant concentration, catalyst deactivation by sintering, leaching and coking. In addition to selection of optimum reaction conditions and catalyst properties, kinetic modelling was also summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-168
Number of pages19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2021
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • 2,5-dimethylfuran
  • 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran
  • 5-hydroxymethylfurfural
  • bifunctional catalyst
  • biomass


Dive into the research topics of 'Catalytic Hydrogenation/Hydrogenolysis of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural to 2,5-Dimethylfuran'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this