Calcium-selective electrode based on polyaniline functionalized with bis[4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenyl]phosphate

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    A new Ca2+-selecrive polyaoiline (PANI)-based membrane material suitable far all-solid-state-sensor applications is presented. The membrane consists of electrically conducting PANI, bis[4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenyl]phosphoric acid (DTMBP-PO4H), dioctyl phenylphosphonate (DOPP) and cationic (tridodecylmethylammonium chloride, TDMACI) or anionic (potassium tetrakis(4-chlorophenyl)borate, KTpClPB) Lipophilic additives. PANI transforms the ionic response to an electronic signal and functions gt the same time as the membrane matrix. PANI is made soluble in dichloro methane (DCM) with the Ca2+-selective DTMBP-PO4H Ligand and membranes,can easily be prepared by drop-casting on glassy carbon (GC) substrates. PAM membranes with three different plasticizer (z) and additive (s) contents were studied (the molar ratios between the plasticizer or additive and DTMBP-PO4H are denoted as z and s, respectively). The best electrode performance, considering sensitivity and selectivity, was obtained for PANI membranes prepared with z = 0.90 and s = 0.10, containing KTpClPB as ionic additive. The Ca2+-sensitivity of this membrane was 27.8 +/- 0.2 mV/log a(Ca)(2+) (10(-1) to 10(-4) M CaCl2, LOD = 8 x 10(-7) M) in 0.1 M NaCl, and the selectivity coefficients (log K-Ca,j(pot)) towards j = Na+, K+, Li+, NH4+ and Mg2+, determined with the fixed interference method,were -3.9 +/- 0.1, -4.0 +/- 0.1, -3.5 +/- 0.1, -3.5 +/- 0.1, and -3.6 +/- 0.1, respectively. On the other hand, practically no redox or pH sensitivity was observed when TDMACI was used as the ionic additive. The PAM membranes were characterized with:potentiometry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and UV-VIS.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)171–182
    Number of pages12
    JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • all-solid-state
    • calcium
    • electrically conducting polymer
    • ion-selective electrode
    • polyaniline
    • potentiometry
    • soluble

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