Breaking the Iron Homeostasis: A “Trojan Horse” Self-Assembled Nanodrug Sensitizes Homologous Recombination Proficient Ovarian Cancer Cells to PARP Inhibition

Yangyang Li, Yixuan Cen, Yifeng Fang, Sangsang Tang, Sen Li, Yan Ren, Hongbo Zhang*, Weiguo Lu, Junfen Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are used in ovarian cancer treatment and have greatly improved the survival rates for homologous recombination repair (HRR)-deficient patients. However, their therapeutic efficacy is limited in HRR-proficient ovarian cancer. Thus, sensitizing HRR-proficient ovarian cancer cells to PARP inhibitors is important in clinical practice. Here, a nanodrug, olaparib-Ga, was designed using self-assembly of the PARP inhibitor olaparib into bovine serum albumin through gallic acid gallium(III) coordination via a convenient and green synthetic method. Compared with olaparib, olaparib-Ga featured an ultrasmall size of 7 nm and led to increased suppression of cell viability, induction of DNA damage, and enhanced cell apoptosis in the SKOV3 and OVCAR3 HRR-proficient ovarian cancer cells in vitro. Further experiments indicated that the olaparib-Ga nanodrug could suppress RRM2 expression, activate the Fe 2+/ROS/MAPK pathway and HMOX1 signaling, inhibit the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and enhance the expression of cleaved-caspase 3 and BAX protein. This, in turn, led to increased cell apoptosis in HRR-proficient ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, olaparib-Ga effectively restrained SKOV3 and OVCAR3 tumor growth and exhibited negligible toxicity in vivo. In conclusion, we propose that olaparib-Ga can act as a promising nanodrug for the treatment of HRR-proficient ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12786-12800
Number of pages15
JournalACS Nano
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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