Biologic significance of surface microroughing in bone incorporation or porous bioactive glass implants

A Itala, J Koort, HO Ylanen, Mikko Hupa, HT Aro

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    Abstract

    A novel chemical etching method was recently developed to create a controlled microrough surface on porous bioactive glass implants. Our earlier in vitro studies showed enhanced attachment of osteoblast-like MG63 cells on a microrough bioactive glass surface. The purpose of our current study was to confirm the in vivo significance of surface microroughening for bone bonding of bioactive glass. Porous bioactive glass cones made of sintered microspheres were surgically implanted in the anterior cortex of rabbit femurs. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), biomechanical push-out testing, histomorphometry, and electron microscopy (BEI-SEM) were used to analyze bone ingrowth and osseointegration at 7, 10, 14, 28, 56, and 84 days after implantation. The results showed that microroughening of the bioactive glass surface significantly enhanced the bone-bonding response of the biomaterial. The positive response was seen in one of the three bioactive glass compositions studied. The affinity index of new bone on the glass surface was significantly (p = 0.02) increased with a trend (p = 0.10) toward improved mechanical incorporation. New bone formation was dependent on the glass composition, and it was found to occur not only through the mechanism of bone ingrowth but also based on in situ osteogenesis within implant interstices. Based on these results, the procedure of microroughening could enhance the osteopromotive properties of certain bioactive glass compositions. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)496–503
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
    Volume67A
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • bone ingrowth
    • microrough surface
    • porous
    • rabbit model

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