Biocomposites of Nanofibrillated Cellulose, Polypyrrole, and Silver Nanoparticles with Electroconductive and Antimicrobial Properties

Patrycja Bober, Jun Liu, Kirsi S. Mikkonen, Petri Ihalainen, Markus Pesonen, Carme Plumed-Ferrer, Atte von Wright, Tom Lindfors, Chunlin Xu, Rose-Marie Latonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    102 Citations (Scopus)


    In this work, flexible and free-standing composite films of nanofibrillated cellulose/polypyrrole (NFC/PPy) and NFC/PPy-silver nanoparticles (NFC/PPy-Ag) have been synthesized for the first time via in situ one-step chemical polymerization and applied in potential biomedical applications. Incorporation of NFC into PPy significantly improved its film formation ability resulting in composite materials with good mechanical and electrical properties. It is shown that the NFC/PPy-Ag composite films have strong inhibition effect against the growth of Gram-positive bacteria, e.g., Staphylococcus aureus. The electrical conductivity and strong antimicrobial activity makes it possible to use the silver composites in various applications aimed at biomedical treatments and diagnostics. Additionally, we report here the structural and morphological characterization of the composite materials with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy techniques.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)3655–3663
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Cellulose
    • conducting polymers
    • Silver nanoparticles
    • antimicrobial effect

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