Assessing the Photovoltaic Quality of Vacuum-Thermal Evaporated Organic Semiconductor Blends

Kaienburg Pascal *, Jungbluth Anna, Habib Ifran, Kesava Sameer Vajjala, Mathias Nyman, Riede Moritz K. *

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)


Vacuum-thermal evaporation (VTE) is a highly relevant fabrication route for organic solar cells (OSCs), especially on an industrial scale as proven by the commercialization of organic light emitting diode-based displays. While OSC performance is reported for a range of VTE-deposited molecules, a comprehensive assessment of donor:acceptor blend properties with respect to their photovoltaic performance is scarce. Here, the organic thin films and solar cells of three select systems are fabricated and ellipsometry, external quantum efficiency with high dynamic range, as well as OTRACE are measured to quantify absorption, voltage losses, and charge carrier mobility. These parameters are key to explain OSC performance and will help to rationalize the performance of other material systems reported in literature as the authors’ methodology is applicable beyond VTE systems. Furthermore, it can help to judge the prospects of new molecules in general. The authors find large differences in the measured values and find that today's VTE OSCs can reach high extinction coefficients, but only moderate mobility and voltage loss compared to their solution-processed counterparts. What needs to be improved for VTE OSCs is outlined to again catch up with their solution-processed counterparts in terms of power conversion efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Materials
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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