Are NaCl and KCl equally corrosive on superheater materials of steam boilers?

S Enestam, Dorota Paulina Bankiewicz, J Tuiremo, K Makela, Mikko Hupa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    119 Citations (Scopus)


    Alkali chlorides deposited on superheater tubes are known to cause corrosion in boilers burning biofuels and waste. The objective of this work was to compare the corrosivities of KCl and NaCl on commonly used superheater steels at typical superheater tube temperatures (400-650 degrees C). Two austenitic stainless steels and one low alloy steel were tested under laboratory conditions in air. The results show some differences between the two salts in terms of corrosion behaviour and internal degradation. However, for practical applications, the two chlorides are equally corrosive on the tested steels under the experimental conditions considered.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)294–306
    Number of pages13
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Alkali chloride induced corrosion
    • High temperature corrosion
    • Low alloy steel
    • Stainless steel
    • Superheater corrosion

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