An experimental study of Mg(OH)2 carbonation

Johan Fagerlund*, Ron Zevenhoven

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    38 Citations (Scopus)


    As part of efforts to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions in Finland research around magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2, carbonation takes place at åbo Akademi University. Converting magnesium silicates, like serpentinite and olivine into Mg(OH)2 is only briefly discussed here, but it is fundamental to a successful mineral carbonation process. Here, the subsequent carbonation of the produced hydroxide is assessed and its experimental setup is discussed in detail together with experimental results. Our focus is on a gas-solid reaction route in a fluidised bed based on the thermodynamic fact that the reaction between solid Mg(OH)2 and gaseous CO2 forming MgCO3 and water releases significant amounts of heat. A lab-scale test-setup was constructed in order to study the accelerated carbonation reaction at elevated pressures. If the reaction becomes fast enough, the process will not require an additional heat input. At high enough temperatures the reaction could provide heat for the proceeding Mg(OH)2 production step and thereby reduce the energy penalty imposed by the Mg(OH)2 production step.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1406-1412
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • CO mineralisation
    • CO sequestration
    • Magnesium carbonate
    • Magnesium hydroxide
    • Mineral carbonation


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