An analytical quality solid-state composite reference electrode

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    44 Citations (Scopus)


    A new type of all-solid-state reference electrode was designed and characterized. The electrodes are based on a polymer/inorganic salt composite and a silver/silver chloride reference element. A rigorous testing procedure was used to reveal the possible influence of pH, solution composition, as well as the concentration and mobility of ions. The tests demonstrated the insensitivity of the electrodes to the matrix effects, excellent stability of the potential readings, and significantly reduced leakage of inorganic salt. In the performed tests the composite reference electrodes were on a par with or better than the high-quality commercial reference electrodes. The reference electrodes described here are of analytical quality allowing for continuous, prolonged, and intensive usage.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)5216–5220
    Issue number18
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Cite this