AMPK negatively regulates tensin-dependent integrin activity.

Georgiadou, Lilja, Guillaume Jacquemet, Guzmán, Rafaeva, Alibert, Yan, Sahgal, Lerche, Manneville, Mäkelä, Ivaska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Tight regulation of integrin activity is paramount for dynamic cellular functions such as cell matrix adhesion and mechanotransduction. Integrin activation is achieved through intracellular interactions at the integrin cytoplasmic tails and through integrin-ligand binding. In this study, we identify the metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) as a β1-integrin inhibitor in fibroblasts. Loss of AMPK promotes β1-integrin activity, the formation of centrally located active β1-integrin- and tensin-rich mature fibrillar adhesions, and cell spreading. Moreover, in the absence of AMPK, cells generate more mechanical stress and increase fibronectin fibrillogenesis. Mechanistically, we show that AMPK negatively regulates the expression of the integrin-binding proteins tensin1 and tensin3. Transient expression of tensins increases β1-integrin activity, whereas tensin silencing reduces integrin activity in fibroblasts lacking AMPK. Accordingly, tensin silencing in AMPK-depleted fibroblasts impedes enhanced cell spreading, traction stress, and fibronectin fiber formation. Collectively, we show that the loss of AMPK up-regulates tensins, which bind β1-integrins, supporting their activity and promoting fibrillar adhesion formation and integrin-dependent processes.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1107–1121
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume216
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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