Amphiphile-induced phosphatidylserine exposure in human erythrocytes

Henry Hägerstrand, Holmström, Margo Bobrowska-Hägerstrand, John Eriksson, Isomaa

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    Abstract

    Nonionic and anionic water-soluble amphiphiles were shown to increase strongly the binding of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated annexin V (FITC-annexin V) in human erythrocytes pretreated with the aminophospholipid translocase (APLT) inhibitor n-ethylmaleimide (NEM). At high sublytic amphiphile-concentrations the binding of FITC-annexin V, monitored in a flow cytometer, was time- and temperature-dependent and occurred heterogeneously in the cell population, with 43-81% of cells being stained above background following incubation for 60 minutes at 37 degrees C. The increased FITC-annexin V binding apparently indicates an increased flop rate of phosphatidylserine (PS) to the outer membrane leaflet. When the NEM-pretreatment was omitted, the FITC-annexin V binding was markedly, but not completely, reduced. In erythrocytes incubated with a zwitter-ionic amphiphile, a small increase in FITC-annexin V binding was detected, while cationic amphiphiles did not induce an increased FITC-annexin V binding. The potency of amphiphiles to induce PS exposure was not related to the type of shape alteration or vesiculation induced. Our results indicate a significant role of the charge status of a membrane intercalated amphiphile for its capability to induce PS exposure.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)89–95
    JournalMolecular Membrane Biology
    Volume15
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1998
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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