Adjustable wettability of paperboard by liquid flame spray nanoparticle deposition

Milena Stepien, Jarkko Saarinen, Hannu Teisala, Mikko Tuominen, Mikko Aromaa, Jurkka Kuusipalo, Jyrki M. Mäkelä, Martti Toivakka

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    61 Citations (Scopus)


    Liquid flame spray process (LFS) was used for depositing TiO(x) and SiO(x) nanoparticles on paperboard to control wetting properties of the surface. By the LFS process it is possible to create either superhydrophobic or superhydrophilic surfaces. Changes in the wettability are related to structural properties of the surface, which were characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM). The surface properties can be ascribed as a correlation between wetting properties of the paperboard and the surface texture created by nanoparticles. Surfaces can be produced inline in a one step roll-to-roll process without need for additional modifications. Furthermore, functional surfaces with adjustable hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity can be fabricated simply by choosing appropriate liquid precursors.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)1911–1917
    Number of pages7
    JournalApplied Surface Science
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Liquid flame spray process
    • Nanocoatings
    • Paperboard
    • Wettability

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