A Simulation Case Study for Bio-based Hydrogen Production from Hardwood Hemicellulose

Ville Tuppurainen, Jani Kangas, Juha Ahola, Juha Tanskanen, Atte Aho, Henrik Grénman, Dmitry Yu Murzin, Tapio Salmi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


A novel bio-based hydrogen production process concept is simulated using Aspen Plus software. In the concept, hemicellulose is first extracted from birch wood using aqueous formic acid (FA). The dilute FA is then decomposed and used synergistically as a source of H2. The hemicellulose monosaccharides in the dilute aqueous hydrolysate are hydrogenated to their corresponding sugar alcohols, which are further processed to H2, various alkanes and carbon dioxide using aqueous phase reforming (APR). In addition to H2 and electricity, cellulose and lignin rich solid wood fraction is produced. However, the case study revealed high heating requirements of dilute aqueous hydrolysate stream to APR reaction temperatures. High degree of APR effluent recycling to the extraction stage is considered, resulting in a relatively high concentration of the required fresh FA stream in the process concept.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
ISSN (Print)1570-7946


  • Aqueous Phase Reforming
  • Bio-based Hydrogen
  • Hemicellulose Extraction

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