A numerical study on the performance of the H2 shaft furnace with dual-row top gas recycling

Shan Yu, Lei Shao, Zongshu Zou, Henrik Saxén*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


Given the urgent pursuit of carbon neutrality and stringent climate policies, the H2 shaft furnace (H2-SF) is starting to gain widespread attention in the steel industry. In this study, the performance of the H2-SF under operation with a dual-row injection top gas recycling system was investigated by a one-dimensional mathematical model. The potential of microwave heating as a means to supply thermal energy in regions of energy deficit was also assessed briefly. The results showed that for scenarios without microwave heating, increasing the upper-row injection rate can improve the furnace performance, and increasing the distance of the upper-row injection level from the furnace top also has a positive effect. A high microwave heating efficiency is expected in regions above the upper-row injection level. For scenarios with microwave heating, a higher microwave power leads to a better furnace performance. Thus, a higher furnace productivity can be achieved by increasing either the upper-row injection rate or the microwave power. However, the latter seems more promising as it decreases the total energy demand due to a better utilization of thermal energy. Based on the comparison of two representative examples, the decrease in the total energy demand is about 0.2 GJ/t-Fe.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2134
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Dual-row injection
  • Energy demand
  • H shaft furnace
  • Microwave heating
  • Sustainable steelmaking


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