A morpholinium ionic liquid for cellulose dissolution

Dilip G. Raut, Ola Sundman, Su Weiqing, Pasi Virtanen, Yasuhito Sugano, Krisztian Kordas, Jyri-Pekka Mikkola

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A series of substituted morpholinium ionic salts and allyl ammonium acetates were prepared. Amongst those, N-allyl-N-methylmorpholinium acetate ([AMMorp][OAc]) was found to dissolve cellulose readily without any pre-processing of native cellulose. At 120 °C, [AMMorp][OAc] could dissolve 30 wt%, 28 wt% and 25 wt% of cellulose with degree of polymerization (DPn) – 789, 1644 and 2082 respectively, in 20 min. Importantly, SEC analysis indicated that no discernible changes occurred in terms of the degree of polymerization of the different celluloses after regeneration. Furthermore, when comparing the cellulose dissolution capability of these newly synthesized ionic liquids, it is evident that the combination of all three constituents – the morpholinium cation, the existence of an allyl group and choosing the acetate anion are essential for efficient cellulose dissolution. The structure and morphology of the regenerated cellulosic materials were characterized by SEM, XRD, TGA, CP/MAS 13C NMR and FTIR, respectively.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)18–25
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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