A laboratory study of potential effects of the invasive round goby on nearshore fauna of the Baltic Sea

Meagan N Schrandt, Laura C Stone, Brian Klimek, Saara Mäkelin, Kenneth L Heck Jr, Johanna Mattila, Heidi Herlevi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the Baltic Sea, species diversity is relatively low and the introduction of new predator species can have large direct and indirect impacts on native

species – both prey and potential competitors. The alien round goby

early 1990s and is now well-established. We examined the feeding habits of male round gobies from the Åland Islands, Finland, where round

gobies were first recorded in 2011. Specifically, we tested whether small round gobies (

(using Manly’s selectivity index) for two abundant bivalve prey items, the blue mussel

balthica

round gobies selected for small mussels (6 – 9 mm) and against large (10 – 13 mm) mussels. When offered both bivalve species and sizes

simultaneously (four prey options), round gobies selected for small blue mussels and against large clams. Combined, these results suggest that small

round gobies will selectively feed on the preferred prey if available and if not, their feeding will reflect the availability of various prey items in the

environment. In addition, round gobies consumed small (

goby and flounder have the potential to overlap in habitat use and previous literature has suggested a diet overlap between the two; however, this is

the first evidence of direct predation on flounder by round gobies.

Neogobius melanostomus Pallas, 1811 was introduced to the Baltic Sea in the≤165 mm TL) showed size and/or species preferencesMytilus trossulus Gould, 1850 and the Baltic clam MacomaLinnaeus, 1758. When offered two sizes of clams, small round gobies did not show a prey preference. When offered two sizes of mussels,≤ 38 mm TL) individuals of the native flounder Platichthys flesus Linnaeus, 1758. Round
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)327–335
JournalAquatic Invasions
Volume11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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