Gerontological Regional Database (GERDA) is a multidisciplinary project in collaboration between Åbo Akademi Univeristy, Novia University of Applied Sciences, Seinäjoki University of Applied Sciences, and University of Vaasa (years 2005-2007) in Finland and Umeå University in Sweden. GERDA originates from the Umeå 85+ project that started in the year 2000 which was thereafter expanded to include regions from both sides of the Bothnian Gulf, i.e. Västerbotten in Sweden and Ostrobothnia in Finland. The overarching theme of the project is aging well and it includes two data collections: Survey data (65+) and structured interviews conducted as home visits to very old adults (85+).
The GERDA project has over the years contributed to increased knowledge on different aspects of older adults’ health and living conditions. The results from the project reflect that older adults is a highly heterogeneous group. On the one hand, a majority feels well and leads independent and active lives. On the other hand, there are also those who are frail, multimorbid and have extensive care needs. Thanks to GERDA, we can highlight different aspects of aging of both those who are active and in good health as well as those whose health, participation, and well-being decline which simultaneously increases the risk of exclusion and marginalization.
The GERDA data allows for comparative studies of Swedish speakers and Finnish speakers in Finland as well as between the regions Ostrobothnia, Southern Ostrobothnia, and Västerbotten. It is also possible to study changes over a longer time period on both cohort level and individual level.
A new collection of the GERDA survey will take place in the autumn of 2021.
Previous data collections in Ostrobothnia: Survey: 2005, 2010, and 2016. Home visits: 2005-2007 and 2010-2012.