SPHINGOSINE 1-PHOSPHATE AND HUMAN ETHER-A’-GO-GO-RELATED GENE POTASSIUM CHANNELS MODULATE MIGRATION IN HUMAN ANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER CELLS

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Muhammad Yasir Asghar, Tero Viitanen, Kati Kemppainen, Kid Törnquist
Publisher: BioScientifica Ltd.
Publication year: 2012
Journal: Endocrine-Related Cancer
Volume number: 19
Issue number: 5
Start page: 667
End page: 680


Abstract

Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is the most aggressive form of human thyroid cancer, lacking any effective treatment. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors and human ether-a′-go-go-related gene (HERG (KCNH2)) potassium channels are important modulators of cell migration. In this study, we have shown that the S1P1–3 receptors are expressed in C643 and THJ-16T human ATC cell lines, both at mRNA and protein level. S1P inhibited migration of these cells and of follicular FTC-133 thyroid cancer cells. Using the S1P1,3 inhibitor VPC-23019, the S1P2 inhibitor JTE-013, and the S1P2 receptor siRNA, we showed that the effect was mediated through S1P2. Treatment of the cells with the Rho inhibitor C3 transferase abolished the effect of S1P on migration. S1P attenuated Rac activity, and inhibiting Rac decreased migration. Sphingosine kinase inhibitor enhanced basal migration of cells, and addition of exogenous S1P inhibited migration. C643 cells expressed a nonconducting HERG protein, and S1P decreased HERG protein expression. The HERG blocker E-4031 decreased migration. Interestingly, downregulating HERG protein with siRNA decreased the basal migration. In experiments using HEK cells overexpressing HERG, we showed that S1P decreased channel protein expression and current and that S1P attenuated migration of the cells. We conclude that S1P attenuates migration of C643 ATC cells by activating S1P2 and the Rho pathway. The attenuated migration is also, in part, dependent on a S1P-induced decrease of HERG protein.

Last updated on 2019-16-09 at 07:52