A typology of creative consumers in living labs

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Seppo Leminen, Anna-Greta Nyström, Mika Westerlund
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2015
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Technology Management
Volume number: 37
Issue number: 09
Start page: 6
End page: 20


This study explores user innovation in living labs that build on the co-creation of value
with users in real-life environments. It focuses on the link between the role mechanisms of
user innovators and the innovation outcome. The study introduces a framework based on
four types of creative consumers to analyze user roles in 26 living labs in Finland, South
Africa, Spain, and Sweden. It contributes to the literature on user innovation by revealing
how the role mechanisms affect innovation in living labs. Although users adopt given roles,
resulting in incremental innovation, proactive user innovators foster the birth of radical


Creative consumer, LivingLab, Radical innovation, Role theory, User innovation

Last updated on 2020-19-02 at 05:36