Reflexive Modernisation of the Environmental Administration in Finland: Essays of Institutional and Policy Change within the Finnish National and Local Environmental Administration

G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Marko Joas
Publisher: Åbo Akademi University Press
Place: Åbo
Publication year: 2001


Abstract

Ecological modernisation has been an obvious choice of sustainability policy in many Western European countries. We see it in several national and comparative studies and Finland is no exception to this trend. In Finland the ecological modernization debate gained in strength during the 1990’s. The recession of the early 1990’s and the consequent budgetary restraint of the state were accompanied by local governmental implementation of ecological modernisation policies; in this case without any major support from the state. This can paradoxically be seen as a strong point of the Finnish ecological modernisation process, as local solutions are based on a ‘bottom-up’ approach, instead of a ‘top-down’ policy.

The articles in this thesis examine the reflexive nature of national and local environmental policies and administration in Finland through different approaches. The study gives the reader a comprehensive overview of Finnish environmental and sustainability policies across all levels of government.


Last updated on 2019-21-10 at 03:34