Evolutionary algorithms in ironmaking applications

A3 Book section, Chapters in research books


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Tamoghna Mitra, Henrik Saxén, Nirupam Chakraborti
Editors: Ashish M. Gujarathi, B. V. Babu
Publication year: 2017
Publisher: CRC Press
Book title: Evolutionary computation : techniques and applications
Start page: 81
End page: 112
ISBN: 978-1-77188-336-8
eISBN: 978-1-315-36638-8


Abstract

Iron is probably the single most important metal for the world’s industrial economy. In nature iron is mostly available in the form of oxides (mainly hematite, Fe2O3, and magnetite, Fe3O4) or hydroxides (Fe(OH)x). Ironmaking refers to a number of processes, which are implemented for extracting metallic iron from these oxides, predominantly using a reductant like carbon monoxide. In order to cater to the various applications of this metal, the metallic iron is often alloyed with other elements, which can improve properties specific for an application. These alloys are known as steel and the process is called “steelmaking.” Typically, steel is an iron-carbon alloy of variable composition, where other alloying elements are added to obtain various useful properties. For example, to improve the corrosion resistance, chromium is added to iron and the product is commercially available as stainless steel. World average steel use per capita has been steadily increasing. In the last decade it has increased from 150 kg in 2001 to 225 kg in 2013 [58].


Last updated on 2019-17-11 at 01:15