Triacylglycerol regioisomers in human milk resolved with an algorithmic novel electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Heikki Kallio, Matts Nylund, Pontus Boström, Baoru Yang
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Food Chemistry
Volume number: 233
Start page: 351
End page: 360
eISSN: 1873-7072


A highly sensitive mass spectrometric (MS) method was developed and validated to analyze ratios of regioisomeric triacylglycerols (TAGs) in fats and oils. UPLC resolution of lithiated TAGs followed by daughter scan MS/MS of positive ions revealed several indicative ions for quantitative analysis. Reference TAGs containing C14–C20 fatty acids (FAs) showed good linear response. Analysis of Finnish and Chinese pooled human milk samples revealed hundreds of regioisomeric TAGs. At least 64 mol% of the TAGs were quantified with relative standard deviation <17%. When present in the same TAG molecule together with C18 FAs, palmitic acid was typically in the sn-2 position. When together with FAs 10:0, 12:0, 14:0, 20:1 and 20:2, the sn-2 preference of 16:0 was less clear. Oleic acid occupied typically the sn-1/sn-3 positions but when together with FAs 20:1, 20:2, 18:2, 14:1, 12:0 or 10:0 the positioning of 18:1 did not follow these rules

Last updated on 2020-21-02 at 05:40