A cautionary note on thermal runaway reactions in mixtures of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquids and N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Böhmdorfer S, Hosoya T, Röder T, Potthast A, Rosenau T
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Cellulose
Journal acronym: CELLULOSE
Volume number: 24
Issue number: 5
Start page: 1927
End page: 1932
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 0969-0239


N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) cannot be completely separated by extraction from mixtures with common 1,3-dialkylimidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) due to strong ionic interactions between the two components. At elevated temperatures, above approx. 90 degrees C, especially under dry conditions and in the presence of acid, alkylating or acylating agents, remaining NMMO in ILs tends to undergo autocatalytic degradation. This is a highly exothermic, unstoppable process that results in explosions, flames, and complete charring of the reaction mixtures. Thus, caution must be exercised when drying or heating ILs that were in previous contact with NMMO, and the absence of amine oxide must be confirmed to avoid potential danger.


Binary mixtures, Exothermicity, Extractability, NMMO, Work safety

Last updated on 2020-02-06 at 04:40