New modelling approach to liquid–solid reaction kinetics: from ideal particles to real particles

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Tapio Salmi, Henrik Grénman, Johan Wärnå, Dmitry Yu. Murzin
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Process Safety and Environmental Protection
Journal acronym: Chem. Eng. Res. Des.
Volume number: 91
Issue number: 10
Start page: 1876
End page: 1889
Number of pages: 14
ISSN: 0263-8762
eISSN: 1744-3563


Typical features of liquid-solid reactions were reviewed: reaction kinetics, mass transfer effects and particle morphology. It was concluded that classical liquid-solid models based on ideal, non-porous geometries (sphere, infinite cylinder, slab) cannot satisfactorily describe real reactive solid particles with various surface defects, such as cracks, craters and limited porosity. 'Typically a too low reaction order for the reactive solid is predicted by the classical models. The surface morphology can be revealed by electron microscopy, which gives inspiration to develop new mathematical models for reactive solids.

Generalized product layer and shrinking particle models were developed for arbitrary geometries deviating dramatically from ideal geometries. The approach is based on the use of a shape factor (a), which can obtain high values for particles with surface defects. The modelling approach was illustrated with numerical simulations and an experimental case, leaching of zinc sulphide with ferric ions: A general methodology for investigation of fluid-solid reactions was proposed.


Fluid-solid reactions, Particle size distribution, Shape factor

Last updated on 2019-14-12 at 03:43