Improved charging/discharging behavior of electropolymerized nanostructured composite films of polyaniline and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Tom Lindfors, Rose-Marie Latonen
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Publication year: 2014
Journal: Carbon
Volume number: 69
Start page: 122
End page: 131
eISSN: 1873-3891


Abstract

In this work, a simple electrochemical reduction procedure has been applied to nanostructured composite films of polyaniline (PANI) and graphene oxide (GO) having a globular surface morphology with the grain size of 50 nm. The reduction converts GO to reduced GO (rGO) which improves the electroactivity of the PANI composite films with 30%. Cyclic voltammetry confirmed the reduction of GO to rGO whereas electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed that the rGO network increases the redox capacitance of the composite films with 15% to 77 mF cm−2. In a three-electrode cell, the anodic charge of the PANI film containing GO increased with 18.7% during the potential cycling stability test for 10,000 cycles between −0.2 and 0.5 V, indicating that the film had a good stability against degradation. This composite film type still maintained a high capacitance of 15 mF cm−2 in a symmetric two-electrode cell after 10,000 potential cycles between 0 and 0.4 V. The electrochemically prepared PANI composite films reported here are aimed to be used in capacitor applications where it is crucial to deposit thin PANI layers on well-defined small surfaces where other polymerization or deposition techniques cannot be used and in solid-state chemical sensors as ion-to-electron transducer interfaces.


Keywords

Composite film, Electropolymerization, Polyaniline, Reduced graphene oxide

Last updated on 2019-21-10 at 03:40