Psychosocial interventions for the prevention of depression in older adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis

A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Anna K. Forsman, Isabell Schierenbeck, Kristian Wahlbeck
Publisher: Sage
Publication year: 2011
Journal: Journal of Aging and Health
Journal acronym: J Aging Health
Volume number: 23
Issue number: 3
Start page: 387
End page: 416


Abstract


OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for the prevention of depression in older people.


METHOD:

Systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective controlled trials.


RESULTS:

Thirty studies were included. Overall, psychosocial interventions had a small but statistically significant effect on depressive symptoms (17 trials, standardized mean difference = -0.17, 95% CI = -0.31 to -0.03). In comparison with no-intervention controls, social activities were effective in reducing depressive symptoms, but results should be interpreted with caution due to the small number of trials. No statistically significant effect on depressive symptoms was found for physical exercise, skill training, reminiscence, or for multicomponent interventions.


DISCUSSION:

Psychosocial interventions have a small but statistically significant effect in reducing depressive symptoms among older adults. The current evidence base for psychosocial interventions for primary prevention of depression in older people is weak, and further trials warranted especially for the most promising type of interventions evaluated, that is, social activities.



Last updated on 2019-09-12 at 04:04