Change in Pupils’ and Students’ Attitudes toward School as a Function of Age – A Finnish Perspective

A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Jari Metsämuuronen, Renata Svedlin, Jovan Ilic
Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education
Publication year: 2012
Journal: Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology
Volume number: 2
Issue number: 2
Start page: 134
End page: 151
eISSN: 1927-0534


The article describes changes in pupil and student contentment as a
function of age in the general education system. School satisfaction was
measured with a 216-item test with 15 different versions simultaneously
in all grades of primary and lower secondary education and in two
grades in upper secondary general education. IRT modeling with matrix
sampling was used to equate the versions for all the grades.
Pupil/student contentment decreased significantly after the 2nd grade with the intensity of the satisfaction declining steadily until the 8th grade. From 9th grade on, contentment recovered as it began to increase once again, albeit moderately. It then stayed constant until the 2nd
grade in high school. Pupil/studentcontentment decreased especially in
the areas of assessing teachers, classroom activities, and lessons;
there was a smaller reduction in the areas of school atmosphere and
physical environment. Over the years, the girls were more satisfied with
school than were the boys. Pupils with a higher achievement level were
more satisfied than those with a low level of achievement.


Change in Pupils’ and Students’ Attitudes toward

Last updated on 2020-22-09 at 06:18