Nest cover and faecal glucocorticoid metabolites are linked to hatching success and telomere length in breeding Common Eiders (Somateria mollissima)

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Noreikiene K, Öst M, Seltmann MW, Boner W, Monaghan P, Jaatinen K
Förläggare: CANADIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING, NRC RESEARCH PRESS
Publiceringsår: 2017
Tidskrift: Canadian Journal of Zoology
Tidskriftsakronym: CAN J ZOOL
Volym: 95
Nummer: 9
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 695
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 703
Antal sidor: 9
ISSN: 0008-4301


Abstrakt

Habitat-associated crypsis may affect perceived predation vulnerability, selecting for different predator avoidance strategies. Glucocorticoids could mediate the adjustment of escape responses to the extent of crypsis, introducing an overlooked source of variation in glucocorticoid-fitness relationships. However, prolonged exposure to elevated glucocorticoids may be costly, leading to accelerated telomere loss and, consequently, senescence. Here, we examined how nest cover and immunoreactive faecal glucocorticoid metabolite (fGCM) levels are linked to hatching success and telomere length in breeding female Common Eiders (Somateria mollissima (L., 1758)). We hypothesized that the degree of nest crypsis, reflecting differences in perceived predation risk, would moderate the relationship between reproductive success and fGCM levels. We also expected that telomere length would be shorter in birds with higher glucocorticoid concentration. Results showed that individuals with high fGCM levels had higher hatching success in nests with low cover, while low fGCM levels were more successful in well-concealed nests. We found that shorter telomeres were associated with high fGCM in nesting sites offering little cover and with low fGCM in well-concealed ones. This study provides the first evidence of habitat-dependent moderation of the relationships between stress physiology, telomere length and hatching success.


Nyckelord

Common eider, cost of reproduction, glucocorticoids, nesting habitat, Somateria mollissima

Senast uppdaterad 2020-02-04 vid 04:33