Hybrid clay functionalized biofibres for composite applications

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Carl Lange, Farid Touaiti, Pedro Fardim
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Composites Part B: Engineering
Journal acronym: Composites, Part B
Volume number: 47
Start page: 260
End page: 266
eISSN: 1879-1069


Micro-injection moulded composites of softwood fibres from two different pulping processes in thermoplastic polypropylene matrix have been studied. Surface modification of hydrogen peroxide bleached thermo mechanical pulp fibres (BTMP) from spruce (Picea abies L.) and chemical sulphate pulp fibres (BKraft) from pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) was achieved by co-precipitation of layered double hydroxide (LDH) particles that were further functionalized with sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) surfactant in conditions similar to wet end in paper production. Micro-injection moulded test specimens were subjected to uniaxial tension tests, water absorption, micromechanical deformation and microscopic studies. Optical micrographs show that functional pulp was homogeneously dispersed into polypropylene matrix where as the untreated fibres agglomerated during moulding. When composites were prepared with BTMP fibres the electrostatically bound SDS on fibre surface increased elongation at break by 70%. LDH particles intensified dissipation of shear energy to BKraft fibres degrading the average fibre length by 50% during moulding. Functionalization with SDS surfactant, however, increased average fibre length up to 125% in comparison to LDH modification.

Last updated on 2019-20-11 at 05:05